April 26, 2021
Myopia (nearsightedness) in children may seem like it’s not a cause of concern. After all, it only means that they need a pair of corrective glasses, right? But it’s not as simple as that. A child’s eyes grow at a regular rate up until they’re 10 or 12 years old. But if their eyes grow at an accelerated rate or continue to grow even after that age range, then the kid becomes myopic. A myopic child has eyes that are longer than a child with regular sight. Excessive eye growth stretches their retina. This increases the child’s risk of eye and vision problems across their lifetime. Are you wondering why this matters? Read on to learn more about why myopia control and early intervention are essential.
The length of a normal eye is about 22 to 24 millimeters (mm). When your kid’s eye grows longer than 26mm, they have a 25 percent higher risk of developing visual impairment in their lifetime. Once their eye elongates to more than 30mm, which indicates high myopia, their risk triples to 90 percent. Myopia Control and management are all about slowing down this excessive eye growth in your child. If possible, the goal is for the eye growth rate to be normal as expected in childhood.
As you know, a good distance vision is crucial in countless day-to-day activities. These include recognizing faces, driving a vehicle, and reading from a chalkboard in school. The negative impact of uncorrected myopia depends on the patient’s age and how severe their refraction is. Those who develop high myopia are at an increased risk of developing sight-threatening eye diseases. These include cataracts, myopic macular degeneration, open-angle glaucoma, and retinal detachment. Without myopia control and early intervention, the condition will affect a myopic person’s school performance and overall quality of life.
Uncorrected myopia can have adverse effects on a child’s ability to learn in school. Numerous studies have established the causal link between better visual acuity and children’s academic achievement. Children who suffer from undetected and untreated vision challenges grow up to become adults with undetected and untreated vision challenges.
Myopia will not only affect a child’s learning performance. Disadvantages also arise from this prevalent eye condition, extending from emotional and psychological well-being to overall quality of life. Some research shows that adolescents who have vision problems tend to have a decreased psychosocial functioning and lower quality of life. Myopia also appears to contribute to the significant increase of anxiety levels among adolescents. On the other hand, studies involving children have discovered a correlation between myopia and having low self-esteem.
Early-onset cases of myopia tend to progress to high myopia in adulthood. A child’s eyes change significantly during their developmental years. Myopia control and early intervention are critical because they aim to keep your child’s prescriptions low. Do you want to protect your kid’s eyes and vision and reduce their risk of severe eye diseases later in life? Visit Family Vision Care Associates today in White Plains, New York. Call us now at (914) 359-3300 to schedule your appointment.