May 25, 2021
Do you find it difficult to see distant objects? Do you find it easier to read a book up close? Chances are that you have a condition known as nearsightedness or myopia. The first thing you need to understand is that it is one of the most common eye conditions. Furthermore, it is possible to treat it using contact lenses, eyeglasses, or eye surgery.
This condition, in extreme circumstances, can lead to serious complications including blindness. This is especially so when it reaches an advanced stage known as degenerative myopia. Fortunately, this is rare and preventable.
Nearsightedness or myopia is a common vision problem usually diagnosed before the age of 20 years. It affects your distance vision, as stated above. It is an eye focus disorder that affects a huge percentage of the population.
More than 40 percent of the American population, according to the American Optometric Association, are myopic. Unfortunately, this percentage is rapidly rising, especially among kids. According to some statistics, one in four parents with school-going kids deals with a certain degree of this condition. It may stem from the amount of time they spend in front of their digital devices.
In most cases, nearsightedness is a minor nuisance. You can treat it through surgery, contact lenses, or eyeglasses. In rare cases, however, as stated above, it can lead to degenerative myopia, which affects approximately two percent of the American population.
This vision condition often stems from one of two causes. The first one is an excessively curved lens or cornea, which causes light to focus in front of your retina. This is the light-sensing part of your eye. Fortunately, this form of myopia is correctable using contact lenses and eyeglasses. In most cases, it does not progress or gets worse.
The other cause of myopia is an elongated eye. Your lens and cornea may have the proper shape, but your retina will be further away from the lens and cornea due to the elongated eye. In most cases, this type of myopia is progressive, which will worsen over time.
In addition to experiencing some difficulty viewing some far-away objects, you may notice the following symptoms:
Failing to treat this condition may mean that it will progressively worsen over time. If you have a moderate case of myopia, you have a higher chance of developing other eye disorders than a patient with mild or no myopia. Some of these disorders include:
About 10 times the chances of developing macular degeneration
Increased risk of glaucoma
Significantly increased risk of a detached retina
Three times the likelihood of developing cataracts
Left untreated, this condition will worsen, which can lead to high myopia. This is a complication or condition that will likely lead to serious eye and vision disorders, which can lead to blindness or other terrible vision problems.
To learn more about Myopia, visit Family Vision Care Associates at our office in White Plains, New York. Call 914-359-3300 today to schedule an appointment.